Category Archives: Guest Bloggers

Articles by other experts.

You Are Not Richard Branson

Tamsin Fox Davies of Constant Contact is our Guest Blogger today, she is one of our speakers at Make Digital Work Live event on the 22nd of November, come and hear her talk about how to really grow a busines with email and Social.

imagesAs entrepreneurial small business owners we get bombarded with messages about what we should and shouldn’t be doing with our businesses, what we should be striving for, and gurus and celebrity entrepreneurs we should emulate.

This is something that I care passionately about, and I care about it because it’s rubbish.

Yes, you read that correctly – I think the message that we should all be chasing super-star status is a whole heap of hooey, bunkum, and even tosh (feel free to add in your own expletives, but this article is rated PG).

If you, personally, WANT to be the next Branson, that’s just fine and I will cheer you on as you follow that path, but it’s not for everyone.

As I see it, the problem is that entrepreneurial types like you and me (and if you run your own business, however tiny, you ARE entrepreneurial at heart) push ourselves harder and further than many others. Consequently, we tend to feel that we’re failing, not because we don’t achieve anything, but because we don’t fully acknowledge those achievements because we’re already moving on to the next thing we have to do, and the next, and the next.

So, when we get all these messages telling us that Richard Branson, Alan Sugar, or Cath Kidston, are the measures of success that we should rank ourselves against, we automatically feel like what we are doing is not good enough, big enough or clever enough.

Here’s the truth about that:

1. Whatever you want out of your business is just fine. THAT is your measure of success.

2. If you have been in business for more than a year, through the current recession, and you’re still going, you are doing really well.

3. If you are employing other people, or using outsourcers or contractors of any kind, you are doing great AND you’re putting money and work back into the economy and your community.

4. ..and finally, if you’re just starting out in business for yourself, I am beyond impressed by your courage (and you CAN do it).

Please be proud of your own measures of success, don’t strive for other people’s, and be proud of what your fellow business owners are achieving too – together we are slowly putting our economy back on it’s feet.

P.S. Mr Branson, if you are reading this, I think you’re great, just not the role model for every business person out there.

RESERVE YOUR PLACE NOW TO HEAR MORE FROM TAMSIN AND 5 OTHER GREAT SPEAKERS

Come along on the 22nd and hear Tamsin’s amazing tips on going from zero to hero when t comes to Social and email marketing. Oh yes…  And every penny we make at Make Digital Work Live goes to charity.

Advertisements

6 things you can do to get your LinkedIn group discussions humming!

Does this sound all too familiar?

“I created a number of LinkedIn groups and promoted them on all my digital channels. I shared content and seeded discussions on a regular basis and promoted these using the share features on the group. When I did my mailers I also included links to the group discussions. I shared discussions on other groups I joined, but I am not seeing the results I expected”.

Here are 6 things you can do that may prompt more dialogue in your LinkedIn groups

1. Purpose of the group

Be very clear when deciding on a name for the group, describing the purpose of the group and what benefits members will derive from the group. The will help you set expectations up front.

2. Vet every request

Do not allow anyone to join your group without your permission. Do not be scared to turn people away. There are many unsavoury characters out there whose sole purpose is to promote themselves and their services. These people will not add any value at all.

3. Seeding and managing discussions

Group members will not start talking without the right prompts. Ask explicitly for your member’s opinion on specific subject matter. Attempt to respond to every comment and ask additional questions to prompt further discussion. Do NOT allow anyone to start discussions or make comments without your permission. This may be time-consuming but is the only way you will maintain a good standard.

4. Invite and promote

When promoting discussions with your LinkedIn connections, group members, other groups and other social networks, attempt whenever possible to invite specific individuals, subject matter specialists and social media influencers to participate in the discussion. If the conversation starts faltering, invite other individuals to join the discussion.

5. Keep it topical and relevant

Content is the most important factor in any discussion. You HAVE to ensure that the subject matter is topical and relevant.

6. Less is more!

Do not attempt to manage too many groups and conversations simultaneously otherwise you will fail. Manage a small number of groups and ensure the conversations are high quality.

Summary

Let members understand what they will get out of your group and set expectations. Vet all new members and comments made by members. Respond to all comments where possible and invite subject matter specialists to the conversations. Keep the discussions topical and relevant. Focus on quality rather than quantity.

Is there anything you would like to add to this? I would love to hear from you!

thanks to David Graham for another fantastic article … here is the original article and a link to his Blog

6 things you can do to get your LinkedIn group discussions humming!.

12 things any WordPress.org site user needs to know and use.

I really enjoy all the articles that Copy Blogger writes, and here is just another great article, if you have a WordPress.org site, this will be invaluable to you.

That freshly-installed WordPress site of yours is poised to be a source of income, prospects and possibilities for your business. It has the potential to be a powerhouse resource, but there are a few things you’ll need to get in order first.

This post shares the top 12 power sources you can plug into with your brand-new WordPress site.

It may seem like a lot to do, but they’re listed in order of importance. Work on the top of the list first. Once you’ve got those things set up, move on to the rest of it.

Before you know it, you’ll have a WordPress website that’s fully charged and ready to power your business.

1. Make a decision: homepage or blog page?

One of the first decisions you’ll need to make is about how to structure your site.

When visitors type in your domain name, will they see a home page, or a blog page? With a WordPress site, either one is easy to create. The question is, what are the advantages of each?

Homepages with some general information about your site and an opt-in form are a great way to welcome new visitors.

But suppose you have a blog — won’t it get lost if it’s not on your home page?

Not necessarily. When you talk about your blog posts — either on social media, in an email or on another site — you’ll share a link that goes directly to them.

People can find your blog using your navigation menu, too.

On the other hand, if your blog is the star of the show, you may want it to be the first thing people engage with.

There’s no right or wrong answer here. It’s a strategic decision that should be part of your overall site planning. And it’s easy enough to change later, so don’t over think it: just choose one and test it out.

2. Build connection with an email list

To build a genuine, ongoing connection with your readers, nothing beats email.

The email inbox is an intimate space, and a privileged place to inhabit. You’re there by invitation only, and because of that, you’re apt to get the attention you want.

Not sure what to include in your emails? There’s good information here on Copyblogger about creating emails people will look forward to and why you should treat your readers like dogs (really). Start with the ideas in these posts, and build from there.

3. Give us a reason to share our email address

That intimate, privileged inbox space is also pretty cluttered for most of us. We don’t want any more email than we already have, so you’ve got to give us a compelling reason to invite you into our inbox.

Unless your site is already well-known and an established authority, it’s not enough to promise “updates.” Give us something we can hold in our hands, listen to, watch, or look forward to.

  • Create an ebook that solves a sticky problem, and give it away in exchange for an email address.
  • Record a downloadable audio interview, conversation or presentation.
  • Make a video or tutorial that shows us a technique you’ve learned.
  • Create a short course you deliver by autoresponder, like Internet Marketing for Smart People.

Whatever you decide to create, make sure it’s so desirable that your visitors will be willing to share their email address to get their hands on it.

4. Track your progress

Knowledge is power, and to understand exactly how your site is performing, you need Google Analytics.

Once installed, you can look under the hood of your site and see which pages get the most traffic, where it comes from, and how people are traveling through your pages.

Armed with this information, you can respond by creating more of what’s obviously popular, and adding offers to pages that are visited frequently.

5. Put the power of SEO to work for you

Search engine optimization may seem like One More Thing on your to-do list. The easy fix? Install Scribe, Copyblogger Media’s SEO and content optimization software.

Scribe analyzes the copy on your site. It suggests easy tweaks you can make to bring in more traffic.

It helps your site rise to the top of the search engine results based on the merits of strong content, to get you past the reaches of Panda, Penguin, Platypus, Potato-Bug, or whatever new Google update comes our way next.

And, in the near future, Scribe is going to be doing even more, so stay tuned.

6. Create a brand experience

To make your site memorable, you’ll want to brand it with a combination of fonts, colors and images that are unique to your business.

Start by using a premium theme. Why not try one you can customize, like the Prose child theme?

Choose a color palette that you use consistently throughout your pages. Select fonts that represent your business. And spend some time and effort creating a unique website header to brand your site from the top down.

Use this visual branding style consistently over time so people recognize and remember your site.

7. Supercharge your site with one single plugin

WordPress.com now offers the Mother of All Plugins for your WordPress.org site installations: the Jetpack plugin.

The Jetpack plugin is like a Swiss Army Knife: it’s full of tools and gadgets that make quick work of lots of website-related tasks:

  • Review your site traffic
  • Allow users to subscribe to comments
  • Share your posts and pages on social networks
  • Insert a basic contact form on your site
  • Check your spelling and grammar before you hit “Publish”
  • Add images to your sidebar
  • Create short links for your pages and posts
  • Embed videos using short codes

Install this one single plugin, and get all these features. And it’s free!

8. Make spammers work for a living

If you have a blog, you’ll want to activate Akismet in your WordPress Dashboard.

Akismet helps to filter out spam comments on your blog, and will save countless hours you’d otherwise spend looking at comments that says things like, “Hey! This post contains the most astonishing information I’ve ever read!” and trying to decide if they’re written by a real person.

Activating Akismet only takes a few minutes to set up, and directions can be found on the Plugins dashboard in your WordPress site.

9. Thank first-time commenters

If you write a blog, you know those minutes, hours or days that go by with no comments on a post can be agonizing.

Commenting for the first time on a new blog can be nerve-wracking, too.

Thank commenters for taking the leap right after they leave their first comment on your blog. Create a page with your thank you message, then use a plugin like Comment Redirect by Yoast to send first-time commenters to that page.

They’ll be impressed, and will want to return and comment again.

10. Plan your posts

Your content will work best if you’re writing with a broad vision for where you want your business to be in six months, a year, and five years. To make sure you consistently touch on your most important themes, install the Editorial Calendar plugin.

This plugin allows you to plan posts and easily move them from one day to another. You can keep your writing on track easily, and make sure  you’re touching on the most important themes consistently over time.

11. Bring commerce into the picture

Once your site is ready, you can bring e-commerce into the picture. You may want to sell an ebook, or offer consulting services. Or maybe you want to have a protected “members-only” section of your site.

In order to offer something for sale, you’ll need a sales page — a pared-down version of the page style on your site, with no navigation, sidebars or other distractions.

And in order to deliver your product or invite people to a private section of your site, you’ll need protected pages that you can offer access to only after a transaction has happened.

Luckily, the Premise plugin can do all this.

Once it’s installed on your site, you’ll be able to easily create sales pages, protect your content, and wall off parts of your site for paid members only.

12. Keep it safe and sound

All this hard work will go down the drain if you don’t have some kind of backup system in place. Daily database backups, and full backups every week are essential.

Your web host may provide backups, but it’s a good idea to keep your own, too. Look into backup plugins like the paid BackupBuddy plugin and free WordPress Backup to Dropbox plugin to ensure your information is safe.

Charge up your site for business

If this list overwhelms you, just take it from the top, and work your way down. Before you know it, you’ll have a fully-charged WordPress site that will power up your business.

How about you?

What are your favorite ways to add power to your WordPress website? Let’s talk about it in the comments.

About the Author: Pamela Wilson of Big Brand System has created a free course for website beginners. She and Wendy Cholbi will show you step-by-step how to create a site you’ll love. Click to get the first easy website lesson today.

Do you have any other questions about WordPress.org or .com, or do you have plug ins that you love? Why not share them.

 

6 Reasons you will fail using Social Media

Here is a great article from David Graham, someone who always provides very useful content.  David is the digital channel manager for Deloitte Consulting in South Africa.

Having spent some time participating on most of the popular social networks from a B2B social media marketing perspective, I have listed a number of things you can do to ensure your social media efforts fail dismally. Commit these cardinal sins and some of the scenes from Dante’s Inferno will seem like a picnic by comparison.

1. No “buy-in” from the entire organisation Social media is not a one man band. It is something that involves your whole organisation. Your community manager may be the primary voice of your organisation but it requires a collective effort from everyone. It is a many-to-many relationship and all employees should participate enthusiastically.

2. Organisational culture not shining through In a recent article entitled Three Reasons Why Happy Brands Win in Social MediaChris Dessi states “Social media, it has been said can be the ultimate BS meter. You can “fake” happiness for a short period of time, but it is highly difficult to fake it in the long-term. This tends to trip up companies that don’t take social media seriously, don’t have a social media seriously, don’t have a social media strategy, and have a weak corporate culture”.

3. No engagement with your major stakeholders There is absolutely no point in participating on any social network if you haven’t done your homework first and identified who you want to engage with and where they are on the Internet. There are many tools and directories you can use to find out where your target market is and who (VERY IMPORTANT) influences them. Obtain this information first before you do anything.

4. No engagement strategy in place Do not haphazardly bombard your followers, Likes, subscribers with content (however good it is) without developing a proper engagement strategy first. Make sure you understand how your target market prefers to consume content and how they want to engage with you. Remember this will differ dependent on the communication channel. Test continuously. If something doesn’t work, try something else. The important thing here is the emphasis on ENGAGING!

5. No measurement Before participation, agree on the key performance indicators (and there are many) you will measure across each channel. Make sure you get your primary stakeholders to agree on the KPI’s and the measurement criteria. Three key measures we use are conversions (new subscribers, Likes, Follows, etc), number of conversations, number of physical engagement (ie meeting) and new deals.

6. Inadequate budget We have presented a number of clients with proposals to develop and operationalise their social media strategies and they have baulked at the figures presented. Social media is not a “back office” function, managed by a “low-level” individual. It is the complete opposite.

I hope this provides you with some food for thought before you embark on your B2B social media marketing quest. If you have anything to add, I will love to hear from you.

Read other articles on David’s Blog 

What is the difference between an on-line community and a following?

I have had so many meetings with clients over the past few years, where I have had to explain my approach to building an on-line community rather than just trying to add numbers. I came across this very valuable table from Richard Millington (the founder of FeverBee Limited, an online community consultancy) where he makes a very easy and clear distinction.

what approach are you taking, and is it working for you?

Following Community
Short-term Long-term
Quick growth Slow growth
Focus on growth Focus on engagement
Unlimited # members Limited # members
Limited interaction between members High interactions between members
Fixed strategy Emergent strategy
Easy Hard
Coca-Cola Innocent Drinks
Develop audiences for products Develops products for the audience
Homebase Wiggly Wigglers
Content about topic Content about community
Centralized control Share power with top members
Reactive to questions Stimulating discussions
Any products Sociable products
Audience wants info about products Audience wants info about each other
Build relationships with group as a single entity Build strong relationships with top members 

Twitter Research findings by Chris Goldson

Discussion

This section analyses the results referring back to the literature, allowing the researcher to compare and contrast what was stated in the literature and what was found in the study.

Followers and Conversation

The study found that 73% of the participants believed that followers were either important or very important on Twitter (Figure 1.3). Although the literature explains that a user’s popularity did not necessarily lead to a higher amount of engagement the majority of participants still believe that being popular is important. Furthermore the majority of participants highlighted that the numbers of followers an account has influences its Twitter presence (Figure 1.4). However when asked whether they agreed or disagreed with “A users popularity does not lead to a high amount of engagement” the majority agreed (Figure 4.1). This would produce assumptions that they do not believe a high number of followers lead to engagement. 100% of the participants believed that Twitter is not about the number of followers but it’s about making a connection and relationships with people (Figure 4.3). All these question show inconsistence in what value the participants put on followers.

The literature found an underlining value of Twitter from using the platform as a conversation tool. To test this the participants were questioned whether they would ask their followers for opinions, 87% answered that they would ask for opinions (Figure 1.5). This shows that the majority of the people asked in the study understood that Twitter is a two way communication tool and not just for promotions. This was explored further as the participants were asked whether they would allow followers to dictate major product design, 60% of the participants said they would not allow the followers to dictate product design. In contrast the literature found that Dell one of the leading companies using social media did this with great success. Participants views may be down to two reasons firstly they may not believe that their followers on Twitter are actually their customers or just because the strategy is too risky and costly if decision made are wrong. Finally the majority of participants believed that mentions are more important than retweets. To sum up although participants believe followers are of great importance than the academics the participants definitely understood that conversation is one of the main uses of the social networking site so much so that they would prefer to communicate with followers than spread promotions via Push-Push-Pull communication.

 

Negativity

The majority of participants did not worry about negative comments on Twitter, with more males not worrying about negative tweets compared to females. This is a very confident approach to social media by the participants; however they may wish to bear in mind the comments by Gillin (2007). Furthermore when asked how many customers a bad tweet could cost a company (Figure 6.2) the answer were far from concrete. The two extremes of the answer were found with participants explaining that they simply did not know how many customers could be lost. Examples of responses include “No idea”, “Not a lot”, “0 if handled well”, “500”, “thousands” and “You can potentially lose all customers!” Possibly the most worrying response to the question was “I don’t know! A lot of ppl ignore other peoples view on twitter”. If we assume “ppl” is short for people, this participant’s views are very worrying as the comments inherently portrays that the participant does not worry about negative word of mouth. The literature concluded that bad tweets can be extremely damaging to a company with reference to examples.

The consequences of negative tweets could be huge for SMEs. The examples viewed in the literature all involved large organisations and the fallout from the negativity was fairly minimal in contrast with the size of the organisation. However any negativity associated with smaller organisations can be hugely damaging. It is fair to say that small local organisations live by their reputation and if this reputation is tarnished in anyway then the damage could be irreparable. Furthermore the damage could go as far as alienating any customers the business has and consequently could close the business due to the loss of sales

This area needs further research and publicising as larger organisations may already understand the threats, however from the results received it is obvious that the participants in this study are unaware to the problems they may face. This is possibly the most revealing aspect of the research as the aim is to understand SME’s views on social media.

Participants also believed that there are a lot more negative tweets about brands opposed to positive tweets. Zaidi’s (2011) study actually showed the opposite to be true.

The majority of participants also thought that the amount of noise on Twitter was not a problem for their organisation. This may be naive of the participants as Zimmerman & Sahlin (2010) explain that a major disadvantage of using Twitter is trying to gain visibility among millions of users. There was also very little difference between female and male response to this question with only two more men than women who explained they were worried about noise.

Finally the majority of participants also believed that 140 characters is not enough for what they wished to say on Twitter (Figure 4.2).

Push-Push-Pull Communication

The majority of the participants who took part in the study said that they did not understand the term Push-Push-Pull communication (Figure 2.2). This could be seen as a massive disadvantage to the participant as the communication helps spread information about their organisation. However it is possible the participants may subconsciously understand the communication just not understand the term Push-Push-Pull communication.

The participants were also asked whether Push-Push-Pull communication (Retweet) automatically adds value 74% of the participants said no (Figure 2.3). This question arose during the research with very little literature found concerning the real value of Push-Push-Pull communication. This sample of users of Twitter definitely supports the view that the communication is not valuable on its own.

The participants were asked what they believed caused a tweet to be retweeted (Figure2.3). The views expressed agreed with the literature in the main, however fifteen participants did select that number of tweets has a correlation with retweets; this view is opposed by recent studies by Chi et al (2009).

Hayes (2012) has promoted that no matter what strategies organisations purse on Twitter, big or small, content is still key. The participants also agree with 96% believing that content influences their success using social media (Figure 2.6).

Time Resource

A consistent trend throughout the research was the amount of time needed to run successful social media campaigns. Zimmer & Sahlin (2010) explained that there is a huge amount of human resource needed to create a successful social media campaign. This was explored by asking questions relating to Third-Party applications that send automated tweets (Figure 3.1, Figure 3.2, Figure 3.3). Majority of the participants knew of these applications that could save them time. However 87% of the participants said they have spent longer on Twitter than planned. This could therefore mean that the participants are not using the time saving third party applications. However the participants also agreed with Thomas (2011) that these applications can cause damage, this may possibly be the reason why the participants do not use these applications. When asked whether they had spent more time than planned on Twitter there was very little difference between males and females with the same amount of responses explaining they had spent longer on Twitter than they had planned.

Benefits

Many benefits of using Twitter were identified throughout the literature. Participants were also asked about the benefits they believed the social network gave their organisation (Figure 6.1). Only one participant reacted negatively to this by answering that Twitter has limited benefits. A handful of respondents believed that one of Twitters benefits included customer research; these responses agree with Vargo & Lusch (2004) view that one of the main benefits of using Twitter is gathering customer knowledge to form a competitive advantage.

Many of the responses were inherent examples of using Twitter as a valuable marketing tool, examples of this include reaching their target market, exposure and promotion. The participants in this study therefore have an differing view than the participants of Geho et al (2010) recent research who were undecided whether Twitter was a valuable marketing tool. Participants also agreed with Kaplin & Haelein (2001) explaining in their responses that a benefit of Twitter is using it as a sales platform. None of the participants explained that they would use Twitter to allow customers to access pre purchase information. However as some participants explained that a benefit of using Twitter is additional customer services, which can be linked with pre purchase information.

Other benefits that were recognised involved communication with customers, real time interactions, market research and giving an alternative positive view to a company and therefore improving a customer’s experience.

 

Twitter Practice

Large organisations were found to be using various practice of Twitter. Participants were asked whether they had firstly heard of these practices and secondly whether they had used any of the practices. Majority of the participants understood the practices; however only 38% understood “Surprise-and-Delight” and 10% of participants had never heard of any of the practices (Figure 5.1). Participants were also asked which practices they had used (Figure 5.2). The majority had used most of the practices with exception to “Surprise-and-Delight” which only 31% had used. Unfortunately “Surprise-and-Delight” is one of the tactics which SME’s could easily use because of their flexibility and it could make fantastic publicity and gain positive word of mouth, examples of this were seen in the literature.

A current practice that is becoming popular is using Twitter profiles along with brands, although problems have occurred. The participants in the study were asked about these profiles and mixed responses were given (Figure 6.4). The majority explained that it was a good practice however some understood the cautious approach needed and that the content on the profiles should not include the employee’s views. This is encouraging as the participants understand the potential threats of using these profiles. Following this question participants were asked who they believed owned the Twitter accounts (Figure 6.3), 52% responded by selecting the company, showing a split response and therefore this means no concrete view on the subject similar to the current on-going example of PhoneDog.

Conclusion

Twitter has quickly become a large part of the daily lives of the world’s population with 200 million members. The site is firstly a social media site however as the population grew the potential to use the site as a marketing tool grew. Large organisations have found many benefits of using Twitter and because of this SME’s began to use the website. Many benefits have been found from using the site however serious flaws have been found with large companies having to have large PR campaigns to rectify the problems caused from the site. One of the main benefits is the free access to the site, in contrast the main disadvantage came from the time commitment involved. The research explored the views of SME’s in the Liverpool area. Differences were made between large organisations use of Twitter, the academics views on the subject and the participant’s views.

Research was undertaken by asking SME’s in Liverpool questions about Twitter. The questionnaires were based around five sections these were; followers and conversation, negativity, Push-Push-Pull communication, time resource and Twitter practice. The questionnaires were administered electronically and additional hard copies were completed. Forty eight questionnaires were filled in and the data was then formulated into a range of graphs which have been included in the results section. The results were then analysed against the literature found.

Several opinions were found throughout the research. Some of the main findings include the participants believing in the inherent value of followers opposed to the academics disregard for the number of followers. However other questions during in the research tested this belief and the opposite then occurred. This shows that the participants are inconsistent with the values they place on followers.

The participants also had extremely naive view of negativity on Twitter explaining that they did not worry about negativity. This contradicted with Gillin (2007) who explained that negativity could have a huge adverse effect on an organisation as the view that one dissatisfied person tells ten people is outdated and dissatisfied customers can now tell millions with the new social tools available to them. This is very worrying as any damage caused by negativity could be far serious for smaller companies opposed to large organisations.

The participants did not understand the term Push-Push-Pull communication however assumption have been made that they do understand the communication just do not understand the term. Also the participants agreed with the literature explaining that they did not believe that a retweet automatically added value.

A range of benefits of using Twitter were explained by the participants, these benefits were in correlation with what the academics believed were benefits of using Twitter.

Finally the research found that participant’s had impressive understanding of practices of using Twitter. Unfortunately the tactic which was known the least and used the least was “Surprise and Delight”, the potential to gain good publicity from using this tactic is huge. With the SME’s flexible nature this tactic could be used to great success.

From the findings recommendations have been made both towards the SME’s and for further research.  Also the research was limited to the area of Liverpool due to time and travel constraints. Further research would be valuable in other areas of the country to construct a more rounded view of the research.

Overall Twitter has been found to be a useful tool for businesses to communicate with their customers. However the new form of communication does have many flaws which have been highlighted. Participants have found to understand the majority of the aspects; however a huge problem has occurred concerning the underestimation of negativity on the social networking site.

Recommendations

The nature of the research has highlighted possible recommendations. These are:

  • SME’s should be advised to improve their understanding of Twitter. SME’s need to change their naive view of negativity as it has the potential to cause them huge problems especially smaller organisations. Currently Get British Business Online, a Google initiative are running courses getting SME’s online (Getting British Business Online, 2011). These courses are free and therefore as many SME owners and employees as possible should attend these course to increase their knowledge.
  • Also if these courses are not being run in the local area, local Chamber of Commerce’s hold events teaching  such knowledge for a fee (Liverpool Chamber of Commerce, 2010).

Chris has completed a full dissertation, and I say thank you for sending me your findings.

The Problem with Customers

%d bloggers like this: